A city of the ancient world that served as the capital of the Assyrian Empire. It prospered and fared rather well when Assyria experienced a boom of power in the seventh century B.C.E., but it was destroyed by the Babylonians in 612 B.C.E.

It figures into several stories from the Bible, among the most famed being that of Jonah and the one about The Destruction of Sennacherib.