jikkyo = literally "ten boundaries"; ten landmarks in the area around a Buddhist temple that are given Buddhist names, thereby drawing them into the extended grounds of the temple
jôdo-teien = a Pure Land Buddhist garden; a Heian garden in which the Amida Buddha's Pure Land is represented; also called a 'paradise garden'; usually consists of an island in a pond connected to shore by a bridge (the bridge implies the possibility of salvation)

kaiyû-shiki-teien = a strolling garden; a style developed from the Edo era, often on the large estates of provincial daimyo; walking through the garden paths results in the unfolding of a sequence of shifting scenes
kake = fences
kameshima = islands in the shape of a turtle
kanshô niwa = contemplation garden; a garden intended to be viewed from an attached building rather than entered physically
karei = an Edo term meaning magnificent or gorgeous
kare-ike = a dry pond
kare-nagare = a dry stream
karesansui = dry landscape garden; gravel and stones are used to represent water. In its earliest manifestation karesansui simply referred to the placement of stones where there was neither pond nor nosuji
kare-sawa = a dry marsh
karetaki = rocks and sand arranged to resemble a waterfall
kare-taki = a dry waterfall
karikomi = plant sculpting on a relatively small scale kari-niwa = hunting range
kawa = river or stream
kawaramono = literally "riverbank workers"; originally the burakumin outcastes of society, they gradually rose to the status of professional garden architects during the Muromachi (1393-1568) era
kaya-buki = a "middle gate" with a thatched roof
kazari-musubi = decorative knots tied at the top of a bamboo fence with the binding rope
keiseki = a meal served before tea in the tea ceremony
kekkai = a sacred space
kimon = the northeast quarter in geomancy; the direction from which evil (bad ki) is likely to come
koshikake-machiai = a bench where one waits for the tea ceremony; usually covered a roof
kutsunugi-ishi = literally the shoe-removal stone"; the solitary step mediating the garden level with that of the building; it is a key transition point to which a great deal of thought is given
kyaku-ishi = stones upon which the guests rest their feet while waiting to be shown to the chashitsu; usually arranged so that most prominent guest uses largest stone
kyokusui = see gyokusui

Go to Japanese Words About Gardens M?

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