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5:1 And afterward Moses and Aaron went in, and told Pharaoh, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Let my people go, that they may hold a feast unto me in the wilderness.
5:2 And Pharaoh said, Who is the LORD, that I should obey his voice to let Israel go? I know not the LORD, neither will I let Israel go.
5:3 And they said, The God of the Hebrews hath met with us: let us go, we pray thee, three days' journey into the desert, and sacrifice unto the LORD our God; lest he fall upon us with pestilence, or with the sword.
5:4 And the king of Egypt said unto them, Wherefore do ye, Moses and Aaron, let the people from their works? get you unto your burdens.
5:5 And Pharaoh said, Behold, the people of the land now are many, and ye make them rest from their burdens.
5:6 And Pharaoh commanded the same day the taskmasters of the people, and their officers, saying, 5:7 Ye shall no more give the people straw to make brick, as heretofore: let them go and gather straw for themselves.
5:8 And the tale of the bricks, which they did make heretofore, ye shall lay upon them; ye shall not diminish ought thereof: for they be idle; therefore they cry, saying, Let us go and sacrifice to our God.
5:9 Let there more work be laid upon the men, that they may labour therein; and let them not regard vain words.
5:10 And the taskmasters of the people went out, and their officers, and they spake to the people, saying, Thus saith Pharaoh, I will not give you straw.
5:11 Go ye, get you straw where ye can find it: yet not ought of your work shall be diminished.
5:12 So the people were scattered abroad throughout all the land of Egypt to gather stubble instead of straw.
5:13 And the taskmasters hasted them, saying, Fulfil your works, your daily tasks, as when there was straw.
5:14 And the officers of the children of Israel, which Pharaoh's taskmasters had set over them, were beaten, and demanded, Wherefore have ye not fulfilled your task in making brick both yesterday and today, as heretofore? 5:15 Then the officers of the children of Israel came and cried unto Pharaoh, saying, Wherefore dealest thou thus with thy servants? 5:16 There is no straw given unto thy servants, and they say to us, Make brick: and, behold, thy servants are beaten; but the fault is in thine own people.
5:17 But he said, Ye are idle, ye are idle: therefore ye say, Let us go and do sacrifice to the LORD.
5:18 Go therefore now, and work; for there shall no straw be given you, yet shall ye deliver the tale of bricks.
5:19 And the officers of the children of Israel did see that they were in evil case, after it was said, Ye shall not minish ought from your bricks of your daily task.
5:20 And they met Moses and Aaron, who stood in the way, as they came forth from Pharaoh: 5:21 And they said unto them, The LORD look upon you, and judge; because ye have made our savour to be abhorred in the eyes of Pharaoh, and in the eyes of his servants, to put a sword in their hand to slay us.
5:22 And Moses returned unto the LORD, and said, LORD, wherefore hast thou so evil entreated this people? why is it that thou hast sent me? 5:23 For since I came to Pharaoh to speak in thy name, he hath done evil to this people; neither hast thou delivered thy people at all.

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King James Bible:Exodus

Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible
back to: Exodus
Book: Exodus
Chapter: 5

Pharaoh's displeasure, He increases the tasks of the
Israelites. (1-9) The sufferings of the Israelites, Moses'
complaint to God. (10-23)

1-9 God will own his people, though Poor and despised, and will
find a time to plead their cause. Pharaoh treated all he had
heard with contempt. He had No knowledge of Jehovah, No fear of
him, No Love to him, and therefore refused to obey him. Thus
Pharaoh's pride, ambition, Covetousness, and political
knowledge, hardened him to his own Destruction. What Moses and
Aaron ask is very reasonable, only to go three days' Journey
into the Desert, and that On a good errand. We will Sacrifice
unto the Lord our God. Pharaoh was very unreasonable, in saying
that the people were idle, and therefore talked of going to
Sacrifice. He thus misrepresents them, that he might have a
pretence to add to their burdens. To this Day we find many who
are more disposed to find fault with their neighbours, for
spending in the service of God a few hours spared from their
worldly business, than to blame others, who give twice the time
to sinful pleasures. Pharaoh's command was barbarous. Moses and
Aaron themselves must get to the burdens. Persecutors take
pleasure in putting contempt and hardship upon ministers. The
usual Tale of Bricks must be made, without the usual allowance
of Straw to mix with the Clay. Thus more work was to be laid
upon the men, which, if they performed, they would be broken
with labour; and if not, they would be punished.

10-23 The Egyptian task-masters were very severe. See what need
we have to pray that we may be delivered from wicked men. The
head-workmen justly complained to Pharaoh: but he taunted them.
The malice of Satan has often represented the service and
Worship of God, as fit employment only for those who have
nothing else to do, and the business only of the idle; whereas,
it is the duty of those who are most busy in the world. Those
who are diligent in doing Sacrifice to the Lord, will, before
God, escape the doom of the slothful servant, though with men
they do not. The Israelites should have humbled themselves
before God, and have taken to themselves the shame of their Sin;
but instead of that, they quarrel with those who were to be
their deliverers. Moses returned to the Lord. He knew that what
he had said and done, was By God's direction; and therefore
appeals to him. When we find ourselves at any time perplexed in
the way of our duty, we ought to go to God, and lay open our
case before him By fervent Prayer. Disappointments in our work
must not drive us from our God, but still we must ponder why
they are sent.

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