EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 9102
March 18, 1942
By virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and statutes of the United States
as President of the United States and Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy, and in
order to provide for the removal from designated areas of persons whose removal is
necessary in the interests of national security, it is ordered as follows:
1. There is established in the Office for Emergency Management of the Executive Office of
the President the War Relocation Authority, at the head of which shall be a Director
appointed by and responsible to the President.
2. The Director of the War Relocation Authority is authorized and directed to formulate and
effectuate a program for the removal, from areas designated from time to time by the
Secretary of War or appropriate military commander under the authority of Executive Order
No. 9066 of February 19, 1942, of the persons or classes of persons designated under such
Executive Order, and for their relocation, maintenance, and supervision.
3. In effectuating such program the Director shall have authority to:
(a) Accomplish all necessary evacuation not undertaken by the Secretary of War or
appropriate military commander, provide for the relocation of such persons in appropriate
places, provide for their needs in such manner as may be appropriate, and supervise their
(b) Provide, insofar as feasible and desirable, for the employment of such persons at useful
work in industry, commerce, agriculture, or public projects, prescribe the terms and
conditions of such public employment, and safeguard the public interest in the private
employment of such persons.
(c) Secure the cooperation, assistance, or services of any governmental agency.
(d) Prescribe regulations necessary or desirable to promote effective execution of such
program, and, as a means of coordinating evacuation and relocation activities, consult with
the Secretary of War with respect to regulations issued and measures taken by him.
(e) Make such delegations of authority as he may deem necessary.
(f) Employ necessary personnel, and make such expenditures, including the making of loans
and grants, and the purchase of real property as may be necessary, within the limits of such
funds as may be made available to the Authority.
4. The Director shall consult with the United States Employment Service and other agencies
on employment and other problems incident to activities under this order.
5. The Director shall cooperate with the Alien Property Custodian appointed pursuant to
Executive Order No. 9095 of March 11, 1942, in formulating policies to govern the custody,
management and disposal by the Alien Property Custodian of property belonging to foreign
nationals removed under this order or under Executive Order No. 9066 of February 19,
1942; and may assist all other persons removed under either of such Executive Orders in the
management and disposal of their property.
6. Departments and agencies of the United States are directed to cooperate with and assist
the Director in his activities hereunder. The Departments of War and Justice, under the
direction of the Secretary of War and the Attorney General, respectively, shall insofar as
consistent with the national interest provide such protective, police and investigational
services as the Director shall find necessary in connection with activities under the order.
7. There is established within the War Relocation Authority the War Relocation Work Corps.
The Director shall provide, by general regulations, for the enlistment in such Corps, for the
duration of the present war, of persons removed under this order or under Executive Order
No. 9066 of February 19, 1942, and shall prescribe the terms and conditions of the work to
be performed by such Corps, and the compensation to be paid.
8. There is established within the War Relocation Authority a Liaison Committee on War
Relocation which shall consist of the Secretary of War, the Secretary of Treasury, the
Attorney General, the Secretary of Agriculture, the Secretary of Labor, the Federal Security
Administrator, the Director of Civilian Defense, and the Alien Property Custodian, or their
deputies, and such other persons or agencies as the Director may designate. The Liaison
Committee shall meet at the call of the Director and shall assist him in his duties.
9. The Director shall keep the President informed with regard to the progress made in
carrying out this order, and perform such related duties as the President may from time to
time assign to him.
10. In order to avoid duplication of evacuation activities under this order and Executive
Order No. 9066 of February 19, 1942, the Director shall not undertake any evacuation
activities within military areas designated under said Executive Order No. 9066, without the
prior approval of the Secretary of War or the appropriate military commander.
11. This order does not limit the authority granted in Executive Order No. 8972 of December
12, 1941; Executive Order No. 9066 of February 19, 1942; Executive Order No. 9095 of
March 11, 1972; Executive Order No. 2526 of December 8, 1941; Executive Proclamation No.
2533 of December 29, 1941; or Executive Proclamation No. 2537 of January 14, 1942; nor does
it limit the functions of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT
February 19, 1942
Executive Order 9102 created a civilian
agency to oversee the construction
of the ten concentration camps
* for the relocation of such persons excluded from the military areas set up by Executive Order 9066.