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3:1 After these things did king Ahasuerus promote Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and advanced him, and set his seat above all the princes that were with him.
3:2 And all the king's servants, that were in the king's gate, bowed, and reverenced Haman: for the king had so commanded concerning him. But Mordecai bowed not, nor did him reverence.
3:3 Then the king's servants, which were in the king's gate, said unto Mordecai, Why transgressest thou the king's commandment? 3:4 Now it came to pass, when they spake daily unto him, and he hearkened not unto them, that they told Haman, to see whether Mordecai's matters would stand: for he had told them that he was a Jew.
3:5 And when Haman saw that Mordecai bowed not, nor did him reverence, then was Haman full of wrath.
3:6 And he thought scorn to lay hands on Mordecai alone; for they had shewed him the people of Mordecai: wherefore Haman sought to destroy all the Jews that were throughout the whole kingdom of Ahasuerus, even the people of Mordecai.
3:7 In the first month, that is, the month Nisan, in the twelfth year of king Ahasuerus, they cast Pur, that is, the lot, before Haman from day to day, and from month to month, to the twelfth month, that is, the month Adar.
3:8 And Haman said unto king Ahasuerus, There is a certain people scattered abroad and dispersed among the people in all the provinces of thy kingdom; and their laws are diverse from all people; neither keep they the king's laws: therefore it is not for the king's profit to suffer them.
3:9 If it please the king, let it be written that they may be destroyed: and I will pay ten thousand talents of silver to the hands of those that have the charge of the business, to bring it into the king's treasuries.
3:10 And the king took his ring from his hand, and gave it unto Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, the Jews' enemy.
3:11 And the king said unto Haman, The silver is given to thee, the people also, to do with them as it seemeth good to thee.
3:12 Then were the king's scribes called on the thirteenth day of the first month, and there was written according to all that Haman had commanded unto the king's lieutenants, and to the governors that were over every province, and to the rulers of every people of every province according to the writing thereof, and to every people after their language; in the name of king Ahasuerus was it written, and sealed with the king's ring.
3:13 And the letters were sent by posts into all the king's provinces, to destroy, to kill, and to cause to perish, all Jews, both young and old, little children and women, in one day, even upon the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month Adar, and to take the spoil of them for a prey.
3:14 The copy of the writing for a commandment to be given in every province was published unto all people, that they should be ready against that day.
3:15 The posts went out, being hastened by the king's commandment, and the decree was given in Shushan the palace. And the king and Haman sat down to drink; but the city Shushan was perplexed.

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Everything King James Bible:Esther
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible
back to: Esther
Book: Esther
Chapter: 3

Haman seeks to destroy the Jews. (1-6) He obtains a decree
against the Jews. (7-15)

1-6 Mordecai refused to reverence Haman. The religion of a Jew
forbade him to give honours to any mortal Man which savoured of
Idolatry, especially to So wicked a Man as Haman. By nature all
are idolaters; self is our favourite Idol, we are pleased to be
treated as if every thing were at our disposal. Though religion
By No means destroys good manners, but teaches us to render
honour to whom honour is due, yet By a citizen of Zion, not only
in his Heart, but in his eyes, such a vile person as Haman was,
is contemned, Ps 15:4. The true believer cannot obey edicts,
or conform to fashions, which break the Law of God. He must obey
God rather than Man, and leave the consequences to him. Haman
was full of wrath. His device was inspired By that wicked
Spirit, who has been a murderer from the beginning; whose Enmity
to Christ and his Church, governs all his children.

7-15 Without some acquaintance with the human Heart, and the
history of mankind, we should not think that any Prince could
consent to a dreadful proposal, So hurtful to himself. Let us be
thankful for mild and just government. Haman inquires, according
to his own superstitions, how to find a lucky Day for the
designed massacre! God's Wisdom serves its own purposes By men's
folly. Haman has appealed to the Lot, and the Lot, By delaying
the execution, gives Judgment against him. The event explains
the doctrine of a particular Providence over all the affairs of
men, and the care of God over his Church. Haman was afraid lest
the King's Conscience should smite him for what he had done; to
prevent which, he kept him drinking. This cursed method many
often take to Drown convictions, and to harden their own hearts,
and the hearts of others, in Sin. All appeared in a favourable
train to accomplish the project. But though sinners are
permitted to proceed to the point they aim at, an unseen but
almighty Power turns them back. How vain and contemptible are
the strongest assaults against Jehovah! Had Haman obtained his
wish, and the Jewish nation perished, what must have become of
all the promises? How could the prophecies concerning the great
Redeemer of the world have been fulfilled? Thus the Everlasting
Covenant itself must have failed, before this diabolical project
could take place.

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