The Davis Mountains are the most extensive mountain range in Texas. Also known as "the Alps of Texas", they were created by volcanic activity during the Tertiary geologic period and began to form about 48 million years ago. Many of the peaks in the range are more than 6,000 feet in altitude. Major peaks include Mt. Livermore, which at 8,382 feet is the 4th-highest summit in the state.

The mountain range was named after Jefferson Davis (U.S. Secretary of War and later President of the Confederacy).

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