Classical Musical Terms for Dance-Rhythms
From the Spanish National Dance: a pantomime honoring Cupid accented with castanets. Maurice Ravel took it further with Bolero made famous in the movie, "Ten."
Spanish or French term for the perods that begin on the fourth and terminate on the third beat.
Spanish or Italian term for the basso ostinate emphasized on the second beat.
Polish derived word for syncopationous rhythms punctuated with many surprise accents.
From the Hungarian National Dance, this rhythm commences with a drawn out mournful Lassan growing into a complicated and frenetic frisky Friska.
This Spanish dance accompanied by guitar and castanets was meant to played between lyrics. The 'light' version made famous in Procol Harum's "A Whiter Shade of Pale."
An Old French method whereby periods start on the third and finish on the second beat; together with a Musette. (Please, not to be confused with garotte.)
This, which is the Cuban National Dance, is highlighted with strong changing, syncopated rhythm and accompaniment.
A Tyrolese waltz. (For latter term see below)
Changing accents with a noble stance distinguish this Polish National Dance.
A white powdered wig and a harpsichord might not hurt doing the royal touch required in this Old French where the third beat is subtly accented.
As mentioned before as incorporated with the Gavotte, it's drone bass element refers back to its bag-pipe ancestery.
Here is the surprise: this originated in Bohemia, not Poland, but it is a quick circular choreography.
Now, we have the Polish dance, which originally was meant to be quite dignified whose rhythm starts with a accente forte, and ends on the last beat.
After all the jumping around required in this Spanish/Italian styled rhythm, one will see the salt a' really.
This is a methodically mellow and serious Moorish/Spanish dance.
Just like the name sounds, this is a tumultuous Old Italian dance inspired by the reaction to have been bitten by a Tarantula spider, from the Tarentine area.
The beginnings are mysterious of this most known three-quarter-time rhythm, that can have changing tempos, has three types:
- Quick Waltz (Vienna)
- Slow Waltz (German)
- Two Step
The Music Lovers' Encyclopedia, Rupert Hughes, Gramercy: NY, 1903.