The means by which Jeremy Bentham thought any individual could determine the utility of an action. Bentham was one of the first proponents of Utilitarianism.

According to Bentham, The Calculus of Felicity is a series of questions an individual should consider when evaluating the happiness an action will yield.

  1. Intensity - How intense is the happiness?
  2. Duration - How long will the happiness last?
  3. Certainty - How sure is the individual that the action will make them happy?
  4. Propinquity - How soon will the individual be happy?
  5. Fecundity - Will the action produce even more pleasure?
  6. Purity - How free from pain is the happiness?
  7. Extent - How many people are affected by this action?

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