3. It shall be lawful for the Queen, by and with the
Advice of Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, to declare
by Proclamation that, on and after the passing of this Act, the
Provinces of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick shall form
and be One Dominion under the Name of Canada; and on and after
that Day those Three Provinces shall form and be One Dominion
under that Name accordingly.
4. Unless it is otherwise expressed or implied, the
Name Canada shall be taken to mean Canada as constituted under
5. Canada shall be divided into Four Provinces, named
Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick.
6. The Parts of the Province of Canada (as it exists
at the passing of this Act) which formerly constituted
respectively the Province of Upper Canada and Lower Canada shall
be deemed to be severed, and shall form Two separate Provinces.
The Part which formerly constituted the Province of Upper Canada
shall constitute the Province of Ontario; and the Part which
formerly constituted the Province of Lower Canada shall
constitute the Province of Quebec.
7. The Provinces of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick
shall have the same Limits as at the passing of this Act.
8. In the general Census of the Population of Canada
which is hereby required to be taken in the Year One Thousand
eight hundred and seventy-one, and every Tenth Year thereafter,
the respective Populations of the Four Provinces shall be
Constitution Act 1867