The Alliance Of Small Island States
AOSIS was established in the context of the Second World Climate Conference in Geneva in November 1990. An ad hoc environmental lobbying/pressure group dedicated to promote the interests of countries which are very sensible to rising sea levels
The group has four core objectives:
review of the adequacy and strengthening of industrialised-country emissions reduction commitments;
reducing scientific and methodological uncertainties associated with the Kyoto Protocol’s commitments and the Kyoto mechanisms;
development of strong monitoring, verification and compliance regimes; and
development of mechanisms for meeting the costs of adaptation to the adverse effects of climate change.
The groups now consist of the following 39 member states:
Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Cape Verde, Comoros, Cook Islands, Cuba, Cyprus, Dominica, Fiji, Federated States of Micronesia, Grenada, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Kiribati, Maldives, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Nauru, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Singapore, Seychelles, Sao Tome and Principe, Solomon Islands, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tuvalu and Vanuatu
The group work through the United Nations, primarily as a negotiating block in the UNFCCC, and its current chairman is the permanent representative of Samoa, ambassador Tuiloma Neroni Slade.