In the year AD 1595...
- An attempt by Ottoman generalissimo Sinan Pasha to invade Romania with over 150,000 troops is turned back by Hapsburg forces when he is defeated first by Sigismund Bathory at the Battle at Giurgevo, and then again by Michael the Brave at the Battle of Calugaren.
- French king Henry IV defeats a joint attempt by the Catholic League and the Spanish to invade France at the Battle of Fontaine-Francaise, bringing a final end to the League and also to any significant military efforts by Spain to undermine his rule.
- The Treaty of Tyavzino brings an end to the Russo-Swedish War of 1590–1595, restoring to Russia the lands Sweden had captured in the Livonian War.
- A Spanish force under Don Carlos de Amesquita lands at Penzance in southwestern England, sacks the town and surrounding villages, holds a Catholic mass, and then departs.
- Ottoman sultan Murad III passes away, and is succeeded by his son, the notorious Mehmed III. In order to secure his rule, Mehmed has 27 of his brothers and 20 of his sisters murdered, strangled to death by his elite hit squad of deaf-mutes.
- Sir Walter Raleigh leads an English expedition to the coast of northern South America now known as Guiana in an effort to find the fabled golden city of El Dorado. The expedition penetrates 300 miles inland up the Orinoco River and does find some small bits of gold, but no El Dorado.
- Queen Elizabeth I of England dispatches her most famous admiral, Sir Francis Drake, on what will be his final voyage, a mission to raid Spanish shipping in the Caribbean. But the Spanish are much better prepared this time and Drake suffers a series of disastrous defeats, climaxing with a failed attempt to capture San Juan, Puerto Rico in which he is nearly killed by a Spanish cannonball.
- William Shakespeare completes his plays Romeo And Juliet and A Midsummer Night's Dream.
These people were born in 1595:
These people died in 1595:
- Ottoman sultan Murad III, succeeded by his son Mehmet III, who proceeds to murder many of his other 102 children.
- Italian poet Torquato Tasso.
- Persian poet Faizi, poet laureate to the court of Mughal emperor Akbar the Great.
- Japanese warlord Toyotomi Hidetsugu, adopted son of Toyotomi Hideyoshi, ordered to commit suicide along with his entire family by Hideyoshi so that Hideyoshi could make his biological son Toyotomi Hideyori his heir.
- Italian Jesuit priest Saint Philip Neri, founder of the Congregation of the Oratory.
- English Jesuit poet Robert Southwell, hanged for treason.
- English astronomer Thomas Digges, an early popularizer of science.
- English naval commander John Hawkins, chief architect of the British navy under Elizabeth I, of illness off Puerto Rico while on a privateering expedition under Sir Francis Drake.
1594 - 1595 - 1596
How they were made