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3:1 Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judaea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of Ituraea and of the region of Trachonitis, and Lysanias the tetrarch of Abilene,
3:2 Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests, the word of God came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness.
3:3 And he came into all the country about Jordan, preaching the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins;
3:4 As it is written in the book of the words of Esaias the prophet, saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight.
3:5 Every valley shall be filled, and every mountain and hill shall be brought low; and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough ways shall be made smooth;
3:6 And all flesh shall see the salvation of God.
3:7 Then said he to the multitude that came forth to be baptized of him, O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come?
3:8 Bring forth therefore fruits worthy of repentance, and begin not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to our father: for I say unto you, That God is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham.
3:9 And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the trees: every tree therefore which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire.
3:10 And the people asked him, saying, What shall we do then?
3:11 He answereth and saith unto them, He that hath two coats, let him impart to him that hath none; and he that hath meat, let him do likewise.
3:12 Then came also publicans to be baptized, and said unto him, Master, what shall we do?
3:13 And he said unto them, Exact no more than that which is appointed you.
3:14 And the soldiers likewise demanded of him, saying, And what shall we do? And he said unto them, Do violence to no man, neither accuse any falsely; and be content with your wages.
3:15 And as the people were in expectation, and all men mused in their hearts of John, whether he were the Christ, or not;
3:16 John answered, saying unto them all, I indeed baptize you with water; but one mightier than I cometh, the latchet of whose shoes I am not worthy to unloose: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire:
3:17 Whose fan is in his hand, and he will throughly purge his floor, and will gather the wheat into his garner; but the chaff he will burn with fire unquenchable.
3:18 And many other things in his exhortation preached he unto the people.
3:19 But Herod the tetrarch, being reproved by him for Herodias his brother Philip's wife, and for all the evils which Herod had done,
3:20 Added yet this above all, that he shut up John in prison.
3:21 Now when all the people were baptized, it came to pass, that Jesus also being baptized, and praying, the heaven was opened,
3:22 And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, Thou art my beloved Son; in thee I am well pleased.
3:23 And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son of Heli,
3:24 Which was the son of Matthat, which was the son of Levi, which was the son of Melchi, which was the son of Janna, which was the son of Joseph,
3:25 Which was the son of Mattathias, which was the son of Amos, which was the son of Naum, which was the son of Esli, which was the son of Nagge,
3:26 Which was the son of Maath, which was the son of Mattathias, which was the son of Semei, which was the son of Joseph, which was the son of Juda,
3:27 Which was the son of Joanna, which was the son of Rhesa, which was the son of Zorobabel, which was the son of Salathiel, which was the son of Neri,
3:28 Which was the son of Melchi, which was the son of Addi, which was the son of Cosam, which was the son of Elmodam, which was the son of Er,
3:29 Which was the son of Jose, which was the son of Eliezer, which was the son of Jorim, which was the son of Matthat, which was the son of Levi,
3:30 Which was the son of Simeon, which was the son of Juda, which was the son of Joseph, which was the son of Jonan, which was the son of Eliakim,
3:31 Which was the son of Melea, which was the son of Menan, which was the son of Mattatha, which was the son of Nathan, which was the son of David,
3:32 Which was the son of Jesse, which was the son of Obed, which was the son of Booz, which was the son of Salmon, which was the son of Naasson,
3:33 Which was the son of Aminadab, which was the son of Aram, which was the son of Esrom, which was the son of Phares, which was the son of Juda,
3:34 Which was the son of Jacob, which was the son of Isaac, which was the son of Abraham, which was the son of Thara, which was the son of Nachor,
3:35 Which was the son of Saruch, which was the son of Ragau, which was the son of Phalec, which was the son of Heber, which was the son of Sala,
3:36 Which was the son of Cainan, which was the son of Arphaxad, which was the son of Sem, which was the son of Noe, which was the son of Lamech,
3:37 Which was the son of Mathusala, which was the son of Enoch, which was the son of Jared, which was the son of Maleleel, which was the son of Cainan,
3:38 Which was the son of Enos, which was the son of Seth, which was the son of Adam, which was the son of God.

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Everything King James Bible:Luke

Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible
back to: Luke
Book: Luke
Chapter: 3

Overview:
John the Baptist's ministry. (1-14) John the Baptist testifies
concerning Christ. (15-20) The Baptism of Christ. (21,22) The
genealogy of Christ. (23-38)

1-14 The scope and design of John's ministry were, to bring the
people from their sins, and to their Saviour. He came preaching,
not a Sect, or party, but a profession; the sign or ceremony was
Washing with water. By the words here used John preached the
necessity of Repentance, in order to the remission of sins, and
that the Baptism of water was an outward sign of that inward
cleansing and renewal of Heart, which attend, or are the effects
of true Repentance, as Well as a profession of it. Here is the
fulfilling of the Scriptures, Isa 40:3, in the ministry of
John. When way is made for the Gospel into the Heart, By taking
down high thoughts, and bringing them into obedience to Christ,
By levelling the soul, and removing all that hinders us in the
way of Christ and his Grace, then preparation is made to welcome
the Salvation of God. Here are general warnings and exhortations
which John gave. The guilty, corrupted race of mankind is become
a Generation of vipers; hateful to God, and hating one another.
There is No way of fleeing from the wrath to come, but By
Repentance; and By the change of our way the change of our mind
must be shown. If we are not really holy, both in Heart and
Life, our profession of religion and relation to God and his
Church, will stand us in No stead at all; the sorer will our
Destruction be, if we do not bring forth fruits meet for
Repentance. John the Baptist gave instructions to several sorts
of persons. Those that profess and promise Repentance, must show
it By reformation, according to their places and conditions. The
Gospel requires Mercy, not Sacrifice; and its design is, to
engage us to do all the good we can, and to be just to all men.
And the same principle which leads men to forego unjust gain,
leads to restore that which is gained By wrong. John tells the
soldiers their duty. Men should be cautioned against the
temptations of their employments. These answers declared the
present duty of the inquirers, and at once formed a test of
their sincerity. As none can or will accept Christ's Salvation
without true Repentance, So the evidence and effects of this
Repentance are here marked out.

15-20 John the Baptist disowned being himself the Christ, but
confirmed the people in their expectations of the long-promised
Messiah. He could only exhort them to repent, and assure them of
forgiveness upon Repentance; but he could not work Repentance in
them, nor confer remission On them. Thus highly does it become
us to speak of Christ, and thus humbly of ourselves. John can do
No more than baptize with water, in token that they ought to
purify and cleanse themselves; but Christ can, and will baptize
with the Holy Ghost; he can give the Spirit, to cleanse and
purify the Heart, not only as water washes off the dirt On the
outside, but as Fire clears out the Dross that is within, and
melts down the metal, that it may be cast into a new mould. John
was an affectionate preacher; he was beseeching; he pressed
things home upon his hearers. He was a practical preacher;
quickening them to their duty, and directing them in it. He was
a popular preacher; he addressed the people, according to their
capacity. He was an evangelical preacher. In all his
exhortations, he directed people to Christ. When we press duty
upon people, we must direct them to Christ, both for
Righteousness and strength. He was a copious preacher; he
shunned not to declare the whole counsel of God. But a full stop
was Put to John's preaching when he was in the midst of his
usefulness. Herod being reproved By him for many evils, shut up
John in Prison. Those who injure the Faithful servants of God,
add still greater guilt to their other sins.

21,22 Christ did not confess Sin, as others did, for he had
none to confess; but he prayed, as others did, and kept up
Communion with his Father. Observe, all the three voices from
Heaven, By which the Father bare Witness to the Son, were
pronounced while he was praying, or soon after, Lu 9:35; Joh
12:28. The Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a Dove
upon him, and there came a voice from Heaven, from God the
Father, from the excellent Glory. Thus was a proof of the Holy
Trinity, of the Three Persons in the Godhead, given at the
Baptism of Christ.

23-38 Matthew's list of the forefathers of Jesus showed that
Christ was the son of Abraham, in whom all the families of the
Earth are blessed, and Heir to the Throne of David; but Luke
shows that Jesus was the Seed of the Woman that should break the
Serpent's head, and traces the line up to Adam, beginning with
Eli, or Heli, the Father, not of Joseph, but of Mary. The
seeming differences between the two evangelists in these lists
of names have been removed By learned men. But our Salvation
does not depend upon our being able to solve these difficulties,
nor is the Divine authority of the Gospels at all weakened By
them. The list of names ends thus, "Who was the son of Adam, the
Son of God;" that is, the offspring of God By Creation. Christ
was both the son of Adam and the Son of God, that he might be a
proper Mediator between God and the sons of Adam, and might
bring the sons of Adam to be, through him, the sons of God. All
Flesh, as descended from the first Adam, is as Grass, and
withers as the flower of the Field; but he who partakes of the
Holy Spirit of Life from the Second Adam, has that eternal
happiness, which By the Gospel is preached unto us.

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