Interpreter guides Christian through three more scenes which will aid him on his journey.

First, Interpreter shows him the gates of a stately palace where mobs of people clamor to enter. The presence of Satan's armed guards block the entrance but a man in the crowd forces his way through. Without Interpreter's explanation, Christian understands that he must remain fearless and resolute in his faith to pass through the gates of the Celestial City.

Next, Interpreter leads him to two men, one in the "iron cage of despair". This man tells Christian that he too was once heading for the Celestial City but indulged in "lusts, pleasures, and profits" and denounced God, for which he must always suffer and never be forgiven. The other man, terrified that Judgement Day has come, explains that his fear stems from an unclear conscience.

After showing and explaining these visions to Christian, Interpreter presses him to remember what he has seen then bids him on his way towards the Celestial City.

from The Pilgrim's Progress by John Bunyan:

(82) (continued from He is entertained)
BUNYAN. I saw also, that the Interpreter took him again by the hand, and led him into a pleasant place, where was builded a stately palace, beautiful to behold; at the sight of which Christian was greatly delighted. He saw also, upon the top thereof, certain persons walking, who were clothed all in gold.

Then said Christian, May we go in thither?

(83)
(The valiant man)
Then the Interpreter took him, and led him up towards the door of the palace; and behold, at the door stood a great company of men, as desirous to go in; but durst not. There also sat a man at a little distance from the door, at a table-side, with a book and his inkhorn before him, to take the name of him that should enter therein; he saw also, that in the doorway stood many men in armour to keep it, being resolved to do the men that would enter what hurt and mischief they could. Now was Christian somewhat in amaze. At last, when every man started back for fear of the armed men, Christian saw a man of a very stout countenance come up to the man that sat there to write, saying, "Set down my name, Sir": the which when he had done, he saw the man draw his sword, and put a helmet upon his head, and rush toward the door upon the armed men, who laid upon him with deadly force; but the man, not at all discouraged, fell to cutting and hacking most fiercely. So after he had received and given many wounds to those that attempted to keep him out, he cut his way through them all Acts 14:.22, and pressed forward into the palace, at which there was a pleasant voice heard from those that were within, even of those that walked upon the top of the palace, saying--

"Come in, come in;
Eternal glory thou shalt win."
So he went in, and was clothed with such garments as they. Then Christian smiled and said; I think verily I know the meaning of this.

(84)
(Despair like an iron cage)
"Now", said Christian, "let me go hence". "Nay, stay", said the Interpreter, "till I have shewed thee a little more, and after that thou shalt go on thy way." So he took him by the hand again, and led him into a very dark room, where there sat a man in an iron cage.

Now the man, to look on, seemed very sad; he sat with his eyes looking down to the ground, his hands folded together, and he sighed as if he would break his heart. Then said Christian, "What means this?" At which the Interpreter bid him talk with the man.

Then said Christian to the man, "What art thou?" The man answered, "I am what I was not once."

(85)
CHRISTIAN. What wast thou once?

MAN. The man said, "I was once a fair and flourishing professor, both in mine own eyes, and also in the eyes of others; I once was, as I thought, fair for the Celestial City, and had then even joy at the thoughts that I should get thither." Luke 8:13

CHR. Well, but what art thou now?

MAN. I am now a man of despair, and am shut up in it, as in this iron cage. I cannot get out. Oh, now I cannot!

CHR. But how camest thou in this condition?

MAN. I left off to watch and be sober. I laid the reins, upon the neck of my lusts; I sinned against the light of the Word and the goodness of God; I have grieved the Spirit, and he is gone; I tempted the devil, and he is come to me; I have provoked God to anger, and he has left me: I have so hardened my heart, that I cannot repent.

(86)
Then said Christian to the Interpreter, "But is there no hope for such a man as this?" "Ask him", said the Interpreter. "Nay", said Christian, "pray, Sir, do you."

INTERPRETER. Then said the Interpreter, "Is there no hope, but you must be kept in the iron cage of despair?"

MAN. No, none at all.

INTER. Why, the Son of the Blessed is very pitiful.

MAN. I have crucified him to myself afresh Heb. 6:6; I have despised his person Luke 19:14; I have despised his righteousness; I have "counted his blood an unholy thing"; I have "done despite to the Spirit of grace". Heb. 10:28-29 Therefore I have shut myself out of all the promises, and there now remains to me nothing but threatenings, dreadful threatenings, fearful threatenings, of certain judgement and fiery indignation, which shall devour me as an adversary.

(87)
INTER. For what did you bring yourself into this condition?

MAN. For the lusts, pleasures, and profits of this world; in the enjoyment of which I did then promise myself much delight; but now every one of those things also bite me, and gnaw me like a burning worm.

INTER. But canst thou not now repent and turn?

(88)
MAN. God hath denied me repentance. His Word gives me no encouragement to believe; yea, himself hath shut me up in this iron cage; nor can all the men in the world let me out. O eternity, eternity! how shall I grapple with the misery that I must meet with in eternity!

INTER. Then said the Interpreter to Christian, "Let this man's misery be remembered by thee, and be an everlasting caution to thee."

CHR. "Well", said Christian, "this is fearful! God help me to watch and be sober, and to pray that I may shun the cause of this man's misery! Sir, is it not time for me to go on my way now?"

INTER. Tarry till I shall show thee one thing more, and then thou shalt go on thy way.

(89)
So he took Christian by the hand again, and led him into a chamber, where there was one rising out of bed; and as he put on his raiment, he shook and trembled. Then said Christian, "Why doth this man thus tremble?" The Interpreter then bid him tell to Christian the reason of his so doing. So he began and said, "This night, as I was in my sleep, I dreamed, and behold the heavens grew exceeding black; also it thundered and lightened in most fearful wise, that it put me into an agony; so I looked up in my dream, and saw the clouds rack at an unusual rate, upon which I heard a great sound of a trumpet, and saw also a man sit upon a cloud, attended with the thousands of heaven; they were all in flaming fire: also the heavens were in a burning flame. I heard then a voice saying, "Arise, ye dead, and come to judgement"; and with that the rocks rent, the graves opened, and the dead that were therein came forth. Some of them were exceeding glad, and looked upward; and some sought to hide themselves under the mountains. 1 Cor. 15:52; 1 Thes. 4:16; Jude 14; John 5:28,29; 2 Thes. 1:7,8; Rev. 20:11-14; Isa. 26:21; Micah 7:16,17; Ps. 95:1-3; Dan. 7:10 Then I saw the manthat sat upon the cloud open the book, and bid the world draw near. Yet there was, by reason of a fierce flame which issued out and came from before him, a convenient distance betwixt him and them, as betwixt the judge and the prisoners at the bar. Mal. 3:2,3; Dan. 7:9,10 I heard it also proclaimed to them that attended on the man that sat on the cloud, Gather together the tares, the chaff, and stubble, and cast them into the burning lake. Matt. 3:12; 13:30; Mal. 4:1 And with that, the bottomless pit opened, just whereabout I stood; out of the mouth of which there came, in an abundant manner, smoke and coals of fire, with hideous noises. It was also said to the same persons, "Gather my wheat into the garner." Luke 3:17 And with that I saw many catched up and carried away into the clouds, but I was left behind. 1 Thes. 4:16,17 I also sought to hide myself, but I could not, for the man that sat upon the cloud still kept his eyeupon me; my sins also came into my mind; and my conscience did accuse me on every side. Rom. 3:14,15 Upon this I awaked from my sleep."

(90)
CHR. But what is it that made you so afraid of this sight?

MAN. Why, I thought that the day of judgement was come, and that I was not ready for it: but this frighted me most, that the angels gathered up several, and left me behind; also the pit of hell opened her mouth just where I stood. My conscience, too, afflicted me; and, as I thought, the Judge had always his eye upon me, shewing indignation in his countenance.

(91)
Then said the Interpreter to Christian, "Hast thou considered all these things?"

CHR. Yes, and they put me in hope and fear.

INTER. "Well, keep all things so in thy mind that they may be as a goad in thy sides, to prick thee forward in the way thou must go." Then Christian began to gird up his loins, and to address himself to his journey. Then said the Interpreter, "The Comforter be always with thee, good Christian, to guide thee in the way that leads to the City." So Christian went on his way, saying--

"Here I have seen things rare and profitable;
Things pleasant, dreadful, things to make me stable
In what I have begun to take in hand;
Then let me think on them, and understand
Wherefore they showed me were, and let me be
Thankful, O good Interpreter, to thee."

Back Index Onward

Log in or registerto write something here or to contact authors.