This list is divided up into:
  • General genetics terms
  • Biochemistry terms related to Genetics
  • Immunology terms related to Genetics
  • Genetic abnormalities
  • Embryology/Developmental Biology terms
  • Misc. Medical terms/procedures related to Genetics
  • Population Genetics/Evolutionary Biology terms
  • Other genetic terms
Sometimes, a term will appear in more than one list. Each list is not complete for that field, rather, it contains terms which are most properly thought of as belonging to that field but which also bear upon genetics.

Please /msg me with additions and updates!

General genetics terms

allele
allotype
anaphase
antisense RNA
ascospore
ascus
autogamy
autosomal
Barr body
binary fission
blending inheritance
carrier (genetic meaning not yet noded)
cDNA aka complementary DNA
cell division
centimorgan
centromere
chiasma (genetic meaning not yet noded)
chimera
chromatid
chromatin
chromosome
chromosome damage
codon
crossover
cistron
clone
cytokinesis
deoxyribonucleic acid aka DNA
dimorphism, dimorphic
diploid
DNA aka deoxyribonucleic acid
DNA fingerprinting
DNA sequencing
dominant
duplication (genetic meaning not yet noded)
dyad (genetic meaning not yet noded)
electrophoresis
euchromatin
eugenics
eukaryote
evolution
exon
exon shuffling
expression of genes
gamete
gametophyte
gene (also see genes)
gene deletion
gene duplication
gene pool
gene therapy
genetic engineering
genetic fitness
genetic trait
genetic variation
genetics
genome
genomics
genotype
guanine
gynandromorph
haploid
heredity
heritability
hermaphrodite
heterozygous
heterozygote
histone
homeobox genes, aka hox genes
homologous chromosomes
homologue (genetic meaning not yet noded)
homoplasmy (specific genetic meaning not yet noded)
Human Genome Project
hybrid
hybridize
inbreed
inbreeding
incest
incestuous
inducer (genetic meaning not yet noded)
induction (genetic meaning not yet noded)
interphase
intron
inversion (genetic meaning not yet noded)
karyokinesis
karyotype
kinetochore (nodeshell)
lateral inhibition
linkage (genetic meaning not yet noded)
locus (genetic meaning not yet noded)
meiosis
Mendel's Laws (nodeshell) (see also Mendel, Gregor Mendel)
mRNA aka messenger RNA
metaphase
microtubules
mitosis
monosomy
mutagen
mutant
mutation
natural selection
neuroplasm
nitrogenous base
nondisjunction
nucleolus
nucleotide
nucleus (genetic meaning not yet noded)
oncogene
oogenesis
operon
organelle
ovum
parthenogenesis
pedigree
phenotype
phylogenetic
plasmid
plastid
polymorphic
polymorphism
polyploid
prion
programmed cell death
prokaryote
promoter (genetic meaning not yet noded)
prophase
protoplast
recessive
recessive genes
recombination
replication (genetic meaning not yet noded)
retrovirus
RNA polymerase
ribosome
satellite chromosome
satellite RNA
segregation (genetic meaning not yet noded)
self-fertilization
selfish gene
somatic
species
sperm
spermatocyte
spermatogenesis
spermatogonium
spindle (genetic meaning not yet noded)
spore
sporophyte
syncytium
synteny
telomere
telophase
tetrad (genetic meaning not yet noded)
transcription
tranduction (genetic meaning not yet noded)
transgenic
translation
translocation
transposon
trisomy
viability
X chromosome
Y chromosome
zygote

Biochemistry terms related to Genetics

adenine
adenosine triphosphate, aka ATP
adenosine diphosphate, aka ADP
amino acid
arginine
cyclic AMP aka cAMP or cyclic adenosine monophosphate
denature
deoxyribonucleic acid aka DNA
DNA aka deoxyribonucleic acid
enzyme
glycine
glutamine
guanine
holoenzyme
hormone
isozyme
leucine
ligand
lysine
methionine
nitrogenous base
nucleotide
peptide
peptide bond
phenylalanine
pheromone
receptor
polymerase
polymerase chain reaction
polypeptide
restriction enzyme
reverse transcriptase
RNA aka ribonucleic acid
RNA polymerase
satellite RNA
telomerase
threonine
thymine
transcription
tRNA, aka transfer RNA
tryptophan
tyrosine
uracil

Immunology terms related to genetics


antibody
antigen
mast cell

Genetic abnormalities


achondroplasia
albinism (see also albino)
ataxia-telangiectasia
cancer
carcinoma
Down's Syndrome Duchenne muscular dystrophy
fragile X syndrome
Hemophilia
Huntington's chorea aka Huntington's disease
Klinefelter's Syndrome
leukemia
lymphoma
Marfan's Syndrome
neurofibromatosis
PKU - Phenylketonuria
polydactyly (see polydactyl)
sarcoma
Sickle Cell Anemia
Tuner's Syndrome

Embryology/developmental biology terms

blastomere
blastopore
blastula
determination (embryology meaning not yet noded)
development
differentiation (embryology meaning not yet noded)
endosperm
gastrulation
gastrula
oogenesis
organelle
organogenesis
ovum
pollen
spermatocyte
spermatogenesis

Misc. Medical terms/procedures related to genetics

amniocentesis
carcinogen
genetic counseling
metastasis
teratogen

Population genetics, Evolution terms

adaptive radiation
adaptive strategies r and K
allopatric speciation
altruism
assortative mating
Biological Species Concept
bottleneck (population-genetic meaning not yet noded)
carrying capacity
cladistic evolutionary theory
codon bias
deme (population-genetic meaning not yet noded)
effective population size
evolution
evolutionary biology
exon shuffling
fecundity
fitness (population-genetic meaning not yet noded)
genetic drift
genetic variation
genetics
Hardy-Weinberg Principle
homology
migration
mimicry
molecular clock
natural selection
nearly neutral theory
neutral theory
parthenogenesis
phenetics
population
punctuated equilibrium
selection coefficient
selectively neutral
species
survival of the fittest
Wright-Fisher population size
Other genetic nodes
The Genetics of Hair Color
Applied Molecular Genetics
quantum genetics
Universal Genetic Code
genetic mutant
The Genome Project
fruitfly genome
Playing the Human Genome

Log in or registerto write something here or to contact authors.