KERMIT is a file transfer protocol developed at Columbia University. It was named after Kermit the frog, one of Jim Henson's popular muppets. KERMIT uses seven or eight data bits per character. The protocol is designed to convert the eighth bit by stripping it and prefixing the resulting character with another character. Doing so enables operating systems that cannot support eight-bit data characters or certain ASCII control characters to support file transfers in which those characters are disguised.

KERMIT is however 10-20% less efficient than the XMODEM protocol, and should only be used for accessing computers that cannot handle eight-bit characters.