In the views of S.E. Finer
, in order to define
, etc.), it must possess five characteristics
Note: Pre-modern states usually only possessed three out of five, while modern states possess all five; though, it may only be to a slight degree.
1. The territorial
recognizes a supreme
form of government
2. This government is served by civil servants
, who make decisions concerning the state, and a military
force that protects the state.
3. The state is recognized by other states as independent
4. The population of the state forms a community
, or a sense of nationality
5. The members of the community mutually participate
Source: The History of Government, by: S.E. Finer