A French word, akin to mestizo in Spanish. It originally denoted "half breeds" - Québecois offspring of French and Native parents in Canada's pre-Confederation era, but has come to denote Canadians of mixed Indian and non-Indian ancestry; the term is usually used if one parent is Native, but is also used if one parent is Métis. It all depends on who you ask, I suppose.

A subset of non-status Indians, and generally less politically organized (and much harder to count) than the First Nations communities.