Avant Garde. This is a human inclination that explores areas of human experience which have not been widely assimilated by the general populous. As such this could include literally any activity or field of endeavor - even seemingly familiar fields - so long as the avant garde individual is exploring something in such a way that is not widely known to have been explored in the past in the way that the individual is exploring it. This searching individual, in order to be avant garde, discovers fresh perspectives which expand and enliven the field of activity in which he/she is working
Normally the avant garde, as it relates to culture is associated with a group movement toward a utopian futuristic goal or ideal which has traditionally been stated in a manifesto. There are continual adaptations and reorientations of the avant garde which are often articulated in these manifestos.