Within the English legal system
there are a variety of
: one of the more serious is classed
in legal terms
as "Grievous Bodily Harm".
Lesser charges include actual bodily harm
s are often combined.
To be convicted of an
assault occasioning GBH it would be expected that the victim suffered
"serious" injury: that is, something which drew blood or resulted
in broken bones, although the Law leaves something to a judge or
An important test case occurred in 1994 when a man who had been
stalking a woman was convicted of GBH due to the
mental distress he'd caused her. Until that case there was no
provision in English Law for mental injury to fall under the same
jurisdictions as bodily injury.