Lomography is the art of taking bad pictures with a Lomo (or a similar fixed lense camera). Like a photographer, a lomographer will try to catch a glimpse of reality on film - but that's about where the similarities end. A typical lomographic picture is out of focus, blurred, taken from an unusual point of view and at any angle, and usually half of the subject of the picture is missing. The Lomo has automatic exposure, which makes that hard to mess up (the manual actually explains that exposure time can be variably increased by covering the exposure meter with a finger).

The basic idea of lomography is to free yourself from the constraints of "the good picture", and the magic lies in the coincidental nature of each picture. According to www.lomo.ch, these are the Ten Golden Rules of Lomography:

  1. take the Lomo, wherever you go
  2. use it day and night
  3. Lomography is part of your life
  4. get your subject as close to the lense as possible
  5. don't think
  6. be fast
  7. it's not important to know what ends up on the picture before you take it
  8. even less after you took it
  9. "shoot" from the hip
  10. don't think about rules

Lomography started as a business idea to make money fast exploiting or helping (who knows?) the collapsed economy of the region formerly known as the USSR. After getting some media coverage in the early 90's, it became a (short-lived) trend (at least) in German-speaking Europe, but there seem to be quite a few lomographers left.

References: www.lomo.de, www.lomo.ch, www.lomo.com (the last one didn't work for me)