s (or set
s, of which points are element
s). Strictly speaking, a "topology" is merely a collection
s (called "open set
s") that satisfy certain condition
s. Replacing the concept of subset
s of "the space" with any lattice
) that is closed to finite meet
s (^) and any join
s (v), we can specify a pointless topology:
- The maximum and minimum are open thingies.
- The set of open thingies is closed to finite meets.
- The set of open thingies is closed to any joins.
This lets us define a topology even without identifying the points of the space! It lets you do some interesting category theory things, since it abstracts away the "specific" character of topology, leaving only the "generic" character.
Used (so I am told) in some advanced algebra, especially algebraic number theory.