The 1st Angel. The giant of light discovered in Antarctica. The information that Adam was confined underground below NERV HQ turned out to be false -- that underground giant was in fact Lilith. The real Adam was the embryo like object brought by Ryoji Kaji from Germany. This was result of humans reducing Adam to an embryonic state after waking it up with the S² theory. The Second Impact appears to have been an effect of this process. The book of Genesis in the Old Testament records that Adam was the first human to be created by God in His image. There are various theories as to the etymology of the word "Adam", among them: "earth", "red" and "create".

Source: The End of Evangelion : Glossary contained within The End of Evangelion - Theatrical Program.