Gr. to cut or sever
When heady emotional states such as fear or passion carry away -- transport -- the individual and the "I" ceases to exist. The origins of religious asceticism, "otherworldliness" and rationality all stem from askesis; the slave ethic, which founds the authority of priests and philosophers, emerges via askesis. Priests seek to temper their and their followers' passions, turning passions into virtues and values such as "good" and "evil"; so that virtuous slaves may find purpose. Only the wisest, "highest" people know askesis; it is only they who understand that time is the one force that cannot be overcome. This is the original ressentiment: the creative will directed forward into possibility, against the movement of time into past necessity.