Split (split), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Split (Splitted, R.); p. pr. & vb. n. Splitting.] [Probably of Scand. or Low german origin; cf. Dan. splitte, LG. splitten, OD. splitten, spletten, D. splijten, G. spleissen, MHG. splIzen. Cf. Splice, Splint, Splinter.]


To divide lengthwise; to separate from end to end, esp. by force; to divide in the direction of the grain layers; to rive; to cleave; as, to split a piece of timber or a board; to split a gem; to split a sheepskin.

Cold winter split the rocks in twain.


To burst; to rupture; to rend; to tear asunder.

A huge vessel of exceeding hard marble split asunder by congealed water.


To divide or break up into parts or divisions, as by discord; to separate into parts or parties, as a political party; to disunite. [Colloq.] South.

4. (Chem.)

To divide or separate into components; -- often used with up; as, to split up sugar into alcohol and carbonic acid.

To split hairs, to make distinctions of useless nicety.


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Split, v. i.


To part asunder; to be rent; to burst; as, vessels split by the freezing of water in them.


To be broken; to be dashed to pieces.

The ship splits on the rock.


To separate into parties or factions. [Colloq.]


To burst with laughter. [Colloq.]

Each had a gravity would make you split.


To divulge a secret; to betray confidence; to peach. [Slang] Thackeray.

6. (Blackjack)

to divide one hand of blackjack into two hands, allowed when the first two cards dealt to a player have the same value.

To split on a rock, to err fatally; to have the hopes and designs frustrated.


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Split, n.

A crack, or longitudinal fissure.


A breach or separation, as in a political party; a division. [Colloq.]


A piece that is split off, or made thin, by splitting; a splinter; a fragment.


Specif (Leather Manuf.), one of the sections of a skin made by dividing it into two or more thicknesses.

5. (Faro)

A division of a stake happening when two cards of the kind on which the stake is laid are dealt in the same turn.

6. (Finance)

the substitution of more than one share of a corporation's stock for one share. The market price of the stock usually drops in proportion to the increase in outstanding shares of stock. The split may be in any ratio, as a two-for-one split; a three-for-two split.

7. (Blackjack)

the division by a player of one hand of blackjack into two hands, allowed when the first two cards dealt to a player have the same value; the player is usually obliged to increase the amount wagered by placing a sum equal to the original bet on the new hand thus created.


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Split, a.


Divided; cleft.

2. (Bot.)

Divided deeply; cleft.

Split pease, hulled pease split for making soup, etc. --
Split pin (Mach.), a pin with one end split so that it may be spread open to secure it in its place. --
Split pulley, a parting pulley. See under Pulley. --
Split ring, a ring with overlapped or interlocked ends which may be sprung apart so that objects, as keys, may be strung upon the ring or removed from it. --
Split ticket, a ballot containing the names of only a portion of the candidates regularly nominated by one party, other names being substituted for those omitted. [U.S.]


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Split, n.


(a) (Basketwork)

Any of the three or four strips into which osiers are commonly cleft for certain kinds of work; -- usually in pl.

(b) (Weaving)

Any of the dents of a reed.


Any of the air currents in a mine formed by dividing a larger current.


Short for Split shot or stroke.

3. (Gymnastics)

The feat of going down to the floor so that the legs extend in a straight line, either with one on each side or with one in front and the other behind. [Cant or Slang]


A small bottle (containing about half a pint) of some drink; -- so called as containing half the quantity of the customary smaller commercial size of bottle; also, a drink of half the usual quantity; a half glass. [Cant or Slang]


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Split, a. (Exchanges)


Divided so as to be done or executed part at one time or price and part at another time or price; -- said of an order, sale, etc.


Of quotations, given in sixteenth, quotations in eighths being regular; as, 10&frac3x16; is a split quotation.

(c) (London Stock Exchange)

Designating ordinary stock that has been divided into preferred ordinary and deferred ordinary.


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