Short"en (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Shortened ; p. pr. & vb. n. Shortening.] [See Short, a.]


To make short or shorter in measure, extent, or time; as, to shorten distance; to shorten a road; to shorten days of calamity.


To reduce or diminish in amount, quantity, or extent; to lessen; to abridge; to curtail; to contract; as, to shorten work, an allowance of food, etc.

Here, where the subject is so fruitful, I am shortened by my chain. Dryden.


To make deficient (as to); to deprive; -- with of.

Spoiled of his nose, and shortened of his ears. Dryden.


To make short or friable, as pastry, with butter, lard, pot liquor, or the like.

To shorten a rope Naut., to take in the slack of it. -- To shorten sail Naut., to reduce sail by taking it in.


© Webster 1913.

Short"en, v. i.

To become short or shorter; as, the day shortens in northern latitudes from June to December; a metallic rod shortens by cold.


© Webster 1913.