The practice of inserting a medical instrument into a small incision for the purpose of examination or surgery. The first human laparoscopy was performed in 1910 by a Swede, Hans Christian Jacobaeus. As instrumentation has advanced, the potential uses for laparoscopy have multiplied. Video laparoscopy (using a tiny camera and fiber optic light source) debuted in 1987, and modern laparoscopes are performed using a robotic arm. A major advantage of laparoscopy is that the incisions used can be small enough that only local anaesthetic is needed.

(listen to Alex, not me - I'm kinda dumb)