Enfant de France was a rank enjoyed by certain members of the French royal family before the Revolution. Those entitled to this rank were all children of a king (or previous king) and all children of the Dauphin. They ranked immediately after the king and queen. Although they were given names such as Louis-Alexandre de France or Marie-Christine-Adélaïde de France, they were usually known by titles, in the case of the men, M. le duc de Bourgogne (for example) or Madame Marie, in the case of the women.