The Apgar scale is a measure for evaluating the condition of a newborn baby. The five test criteria Appearance, Pulse, Grimace, Activity, and Respiration form an acronym named after Virginia Apgar who first introduced this type of testing on newborns in 1953.

The five categories in the Apgar Scale (or Apgar Test) are evaluated
using the following criteria:

SIGN                                     POINTS

                            0                     1                2  
Appearance*            Pale or Blue           Body pink:        Pink
(color)                                       extremities blue

Pulse                  Not detectable         Below 100         Over 100  

Grimace                No response to         Grimace           Lusty cry  
(reflex irritability)  stimulation

Activity               Flaccid                Some movement     A lot of  
(muscle tone)          (no or weak activity)  of extremities    activity

Respiration            None                   Slow, irregular   Good  
(breathing)                                                     (crying)
*In non-white children, color of mucus membranes of mouth, of the
whites of the eyes, of lips, palms, hands and soles of feet will be

Babies whose score is between 7 and 10 are considered to be in good
condition. Those scoring between 4 and 6 are in fair condition and may
require extra attention. Those with a score below 4 are in poor
condition and probably will need immediate life-saving efforts.