A code of laws written during the reign of Hammurabi of Babylon (1792-1750 B.C.), discovered at the beginning of the 20th century by the French archaeologist Jacques de Morgan in the city of Susa (where it was brought after it was plundered from Babylon). The stela was originally placed in Babylon, and is remarkable not for the code itself, but for its publication. Sure, it cries out "here are the laws under which you are judged", but adds the footnote "...now all you have to do is go join a school, become a scribe, learn how to read, and even then we're making no promises".

The format is simple; after a long literary and historical preamble, it switches to a simple and plain prodasis/apodosis style. In Akkadian, all you need to remember is three words: "shumma awilum..." (If a man...) and "...iddak" (...he shall be put to death).

I'll post more as I translate.