Distilled alcoholic spirits
, as distinguished from wine
, and other less potent alcoholic beverage
s. Most popular varieties of hard liquor
, such as whiskey
, and rum
, average around 80 proof
, or 40% alcohol by volume -- though overproof
varieties also exist.
Many people think that hard liquor is more intoxicating than beer or wine, but in fact there's about the same amount of ethanol in a shot of 80-proof liquor as in a glass of wine or in an average beer.