One of the oldest inhabited regions in the world. For the Egyptians (some of whose ancestors may have originated there) Libya was the ancient land in the west (an area larger than the current nation of Libya). Some hold that it was associated with Amentu, the 'land of the westerners', or the 'land of the dead', by the Egyptians.

The famous Tassili Frescoes discovered here by Lhote are our main source of information on ancient cattle herding people. This area seems to have been perpetually inhabited since early man first arrived in North Africa.

Libyan wine jars in 1st Dynasty Egyptian tombs suggest wine was first exported from this region.