One of the two great epic poem
s which were written by Homer
and compose most of what we have of the Trojan Cycle
(the other one being the Odyssey
). It was written circa the 8th century BC, and was passed orally all through Ionia
and later mainland Greece (Cf. Homeric Greek)
The Iliad centers around a certain scene in the last year of the war, namely the wrath of Achilles, and the resulting consequences (with many sidetracks and secondary plots).
The poem was finally put to writing in 6th century BC Athens.
The Iliad became one of the milestones and bases of Greek literature and culture in particular, and western literature and culture in general.