A category of musical instrument defined by ethnomusicologists Erich Hornbostel and Curt Sachs. From the Greek -phone (sound or voice) and idio- (distinct, separate)

Idiophones include percussion instruments that create sound when beaten, scraped, or shaken. This includes many instruments such as claves, cymbals, bells, wood blocks, and metallophones, as well as the sound made by utilizing parts of the human body, such as clapping and stomping.

See Also: membranophone, chordophone, aerophone, electrophone.

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