As a follow-up to Tsarren's writeup, there are actually a few species of cichlid found in Asia. Recent phylogenetic analysis of mRNA has shown that these (along with species from Madagascar) are the most basal lineages of cichlids (family Cichlidae) and that development of the entire family is congruent with the fragmentation of Gondwana.
Three cichlid species from the genus Etroplus inhabit India and Sri Lanka. They are similar to members of the genus Paretroplus of Madagascar. Etroplus maculatus, commonly called the Orange Chromide, is a small (5-10cm.) fish, relatively common to the tropical fish hobby. Etroplus suratensis, commonly called the Green Chromide, grows much larger (15-22cm.) and is occassionally available. The third species, Etroplus canarensis, is rarely available.
A few other cichlid species, e.g., Saratherodon galilaeus, are found in the Middle East but are closely related to African cichlids.