A genetics lab procedure where bacteria are induced to accept and incorporate into their genome foreign pieces of cell-less, isolated DNA, often in the form of a plasmid. The DNA to be introduced usually contains a selectable marker so that the bacteria which successfully incorporate the DNA can be selected for.

From the BioTech Dictionary at http://biotech.icmb.utexas.edu/. For further information see the BioTech homenode.

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