The process of transferring a certain plasmid
known as the F plasmid
(or sex plasmid
) from bacteria
individuals who have it (known as "males") to bacteria
individuals who do not already have it (known as "females") by way of direct contact between the bacteria
individuals called a conjugation bridge. Once transfer is completed, the female individual becomes a male individual and both parties have a copy of the F plasmid
From the BioTech Dictionary at http://biotech.icmb.utexas.edu/. For further information see the BioTech homenode.