A hill in Natal
in South Africa
, by the banks of the River Tugela and near the town of Ladysmith
, where on 24 January 1900 the Boer
s defeated British forces under Sir Redvers Buller
. The name means "Spy Hill" or more prosaically "Lookout
Hill". It was an especially bloody battle, with nearly 1500 killed, mainly British; and was observed by young Winston Churchill
, at that time a reporter for The Morning Post
. The defeat caused serious repercussions in the British establishment.
A very detailed eye-witness account by a Boer soldier is to be found at www.ourcivilisation.com/smartboard/shop/reitzd/commando/chap9.htm - this includes a rumour that the artillery barrage was "the heaviest concentration of gun fire that has been seen in any war up to the present".
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle presents the British view in his book The Great Boer War, the relevant chapter of which is at www.pinetreeweb.com/conan-doyle-chapter-15.htm , complete with a few pictures.
The battle was commemorated by, among other things, the name of a mound forming part of the Hillsborough football stadium.