Official diplomacy is the interaction between government officials, usually to negotiate peace treaties, trade policies, and other international agreements. Diplomacy can range in the way it takes shape, from very formal to more informal, but on either side of the scale it tends to remain adversarial and competitive. There is usually a win-lose feeling accompanying official diplomacy.

Some attempts to curb the feeling of hostility and competitiveness in negotiation have been carried out in the past. Former president Woodrow Wilson formed the League of Nations, but it was largely unsuccessful, especially because the idea was not supported by the United States. The second major effort to have a collaborative open diplomacy and security among nations was the formation of the UN(United Nations). It has been more successful than the League of Nations, but does not have the money to carry out its mandates, nor does it have the power to overcome some nation rivalries. This is why second track diplomacy is important, because it brings together non-governmental individuals to attempt conflict resolution among warring nations.

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