The Munsell system is a way to describe colours, using three different parameter
s: hue, value and chroma.
. This is the quality
which defines colour, based on the colour circle divided in 10 different hues: five principal
and five intermediate
hues. Each hue is then divided into 10 divisions, in which number 5 is the pure hue and the low and high numbers implying a colour close to the adjacent colour in the colour circle.
. The value of a colour describes the light
ness or dark
ness of a given colour: lower values are the darker colours and the higher ones contain more white. The scale
ranges from 0 (black) to 10 (white).
. The chroma
of a given object tells us to what extend a colour is greyed out. A low number represents a colour containing a lot of grey, and higher numbers a more pure colour. There is no maximum
set on the chroma-scale
, as different colours reach their brightest intensity
at different levels (e.g. the maximum chroma for blue is 12).
The numbers of the three parameter
d describe the overall colour of an object. This is notated in the following format
: hue value/chroma, i.e. 5.0Y 5/6 =
5.0Y = a pure yellow
5/ = In the middle of the grey scale
/6 = a yellow that still contains a lot of grey, as the chroma-scale for yellow is up to about 14.
The general description
of this "5.0Y 5/6" is a darker, greyed out yellow, which more looks like a light brown.
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