One of the homeland
s or Bantustan
s of South Africa
under the apartheid
regime, the nominal home of the Pedi
people, the northern branch of the Basotho
. (The southern Sotho lands are Lesotho
'; it was carved out of Transvaal
. The capital was Lebowakgomo
Originally eleven patches of land on its creation in August 1969, it was consolidated to three, and granted self-government on 2 October 1972. The chief ministers were Mokgama Motlala 1969-1973, Cedric Phatudi 1973-1987, and Mogoboya Ramodike 1987-1994. Like the other homelands it was fully reabsorbed into South Africa on 27 April 1994.
The motto was Mphiri o tee ga o lle 'a single bangle cannot produce a sound'. The flag (adopted in 1974) was horizontal stripes of light blue over white over green, with a yellow sunrise over the wide white stripe.