"Wenn es nicht so tieftraurig wäre,
müßte es lächerlich wirken, daß man alles das, was auf künstlerischem
Gebiet neue Wege sucht und auf das Denkvermögen der Zuhörer, Zu - und
Beschauer einige Anforderungen stellt, mit dem geflügelten Wort 'Kulturbolschewismus'
Hartmann, rather unknown, is nowadays known as a Modernistic
composer, composer of 8 symphonies and a lot of small pieces. Everywhere
in his music you can hear his inner 'resistance
' to German National
Socialistic Party of Hitler in the thirties.
From a family known for its
contributions to art
, Klaus Hartmann is born in
1905 in Munich
. When he's 20 he is taught the workings of
by Haas .
he becomes a pupil of Scherchen, who
also taught Paul Hindemith
. Here Hartmann gets interested in Modern Music
1933 he writes a piece called 'Kantate für Männerchor a capella nach
Worten von Becher und Marx
' but in the music he stipulates that he's a
. In side notes to his music he writes he doesn't
want to do anything with the Reichs Kultur Kammer
, led by the Nazis.
His music is getting internationally
well received: especially in France
. While his music is played outside the
country Hartmann has to appear for the Kammer. They try to convince him to
travel outside of the country and propagate his music and the government
Hartmann refuses, stops composing in
publicity, burns his last works and hides away in a little village south of
. Here he writes and composes about the horrors of war
to the camps (' Todenmarsch nach Dachau
After the war his works are re-published
and internationally well received again. His works are based on works of
famous writers/pacifists like Walt Whitman
and Emile Zola
initializes the Musica Viva festivals
, and is honoured with different
prices for his inner resistance
against the nazis.
When in 1959 a newly opened synagogue is
sprayed with anti-Jewish slogans, Hartmann joins his East-German friends
to set the 'Jewish
' to music as a protest against the hatred. Hartmann composes
the second move, 'The Ghetto
'. The total piece is written for orchestra, but
lacks the use of any string instruments: the composers agree to rule out any form of
musical instruments that can cause sentiments
However, Hartmann never hears the complete piece:
the East German authorities won't allow him into East Germany
to attend the performance.
In 1963 he dies after finishing his 8th Symphony
Appeared first in 1998 in a Dutch monthly magazine, and then publiced
on my website in the series 'Contemporary composers'.