April 9, 1919
June 3, 1995
John Presper Eckert was born as the only son of a real estate developer. He was christened by Russel H. Conwell
, an northern baptist
minister. He grew up in the Germantown section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
. At the Penn Charter School
in Germantown, he deveolped a reputation for being a math wiz and electronic genius because "he was always tinkering with radios adn other electronic devices".
Eckert attended the University of Pennsylvania
, where he received both a B.S. and M.S. in electrical engineering, in 1941 and 1943 respectively. He received an honorary D.Sc. from the same university in 1964.
He and his wife, Judith, had four children. They lived in Gladwyne, Pennsylvania
J. Presper Eckert is best known for his collaboration with John William Mauchly
on developing the ENIAC
ntegrator and C
omputer). Mauchly was a student of Eckhert when he was teaching at the Moore School of Elecrical Engeneering
Eckert and Mauchly
started up the Electronic Control Company. They built the Binary Automatic Computer
) after recieving an order for it from the Northrop Aircraft Company
. The main advance in the BNAIC was that data was stored on magnetic tape instead of punch cards.
After the Electronic Control Company became the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation
, they recieved an order from the National Bureau of Standards
to buld the U
omputer. The UNIVAC
was another major advance because it could handle both numerical and alphabetical information with equal success.
Eckert took out patents on 85 inventions. In his lifetime, he recieved many awards, including the Harry M. Goode Memorial Award "For his pioneering contributions to automatic computing by participating in the design and construction of the ENIAC, the world's first all-electronic computer, and of the BINAC and the UNIVAC, and for his continuing work in the design of electronic computing systems."
Eckert was also awarded the US National Medal of Science
. He was elected to the National Academy of Engeneering.
Eckert died from complications relating to Leukaemia
- born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
- graduated from the William Penn Carter Ccholl in Germanstown
- graduated form the Moore School of Electrical Engeneering
at the University of Pennsylvania
and accepted a teaching position there
- left the Moore School to start up the Electronic Control Company.
- the Electronic Control Company became the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation
- the Remington Rand Corporation took over the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation; Eckert stayed on as an executive of the new company
1948 to 1966
- took out patents on 85 inventions
- recieved the Harry M. Goode Memorial Award
- elected to the National Academy of Engeneering
- awarded the US National Medal of Science
- recieved the IEEE Computer Society Pioneer Award
- died in Bryn Mawr, PA