ITV has been falling into a severe state of disrepair recently, mainly due to wimpy regulation and the Conservative
s. Here's exactly what happened...
In the 80s, boom and bust took its toll on ITV. Television South
) bought Mary Tyler-Moore
Entertainment and became TVS
Entertainment, then fell apart because of declining interest in MTM programmes. However, this was not what murdered ITV.
Around the same time, Thames Television
made a documentary called Death on the Rock
, which was about an alleged Tory government coverup
. The IBA
, the broadcasting authority at the time, admitted that they were loath to do anything, as to remove the programme from transmission would hinder free speech
in their view. The broadcast went ahead to great acclaim.
This incensed the Thatcher
government, and they therefore took action through legislation
to make sure that Thames did not have a hope in hell of getting through the next ITV franchise round. Abolishing the 60s/70s Broadcasting Act that had served so well, the Tories created a new Act, the 1990 Broadcasting Act. The provisions of this were:
- The IBA would be killed off and replaced with the ITC (Independent Television Commission).
- Ownership rules would be relaxed, and mergers would be allowed between contractors.
- The transmitters would be privatised and put under control of NTL (yes, the cable company).
- To win an ITV franchise, the would-be contractor would have to submit a cash bid to the ITC, which would have to be paid yearly.
Despite protests from viewers and the ITV companies themselves, the legislation went into force. At the 1993 franchise rounds, Thames was up against the new Carlton
Television (who had already made a bid for Thames, but had the deal blocked by the IBA
). Thames' bid amounted to around £50million (an obscene amount of cash, but as the quote goes, ITV is a licence to print money) but Carlton bid more, and even while using the "exceptional circumstances
" clause (ironically put in place to protect companies like Thames) Thames couldn't and didn't win the new franchise, and Carlton got it instead.
Carlton's programming was low quality
and cheap compared to that of Thames, and was certainly a shock to the people of London. Well, it would be a shock to the people of the Midlands too...
In 1994, Carlton bought Central Independent Television
, the contractor for the Midlands
, and Granada (from the north-west) bought Carlton's weekend companion LWT
. From then on, there was a frenzy of franchise buying as both Carlton and Granada went on a massive shopping spree for regions. At the present time, this is how the franchises stand:
Eventually, the look and feel of the regions-their logo
s and such-disappeared as homogenization
occurred around the network. On 28th October 2002, at 9:25AM, ITV ceased to have a unique selling point
, as it dropped its regionalism. It became yet another faceless channel among the hundreds on British digital TV
. Programming was cut back-despite some high quality dramas, most of the programming nowadays is regurgitated formats, repeated ad infinitum
because apparently that's what the people want.
Now, the Communications Bill 2002
threatens to fuX0r
ITV completely by allowing foreign ownership,
once again eroding the image of ITV being OUR TV station. Soon, we could have Carlton-ClearChannel
. Or NBC
-Granada. It seems that with a Neo-Thatcherite
Labour government, we're going to lose everything we hold dear.