The Gagauz are a Turkic-speaking people in what is now Moldova. The name of the Oghuz horde is familiar in Turkish history; the Gagauz name derives from gok-oghuz 'Sky-Oghuz', and use sky-blue as an identifying colour. They are Orthodox Christians who fled Ottoman rule some centuries ago.

When in 1991 the Romanian-majority republic of Moldova became independent with the break-up of the Soviet Union, it included two minorities, the Russian-speakers of Transdniestr, and the Gagauz. Both feared that Moldova would imminently reunite with Romania, and the Transdniestrians fought a war for secession.

The Gagauz also claimed autonomy (in 1990), but it did not become violent. They are now a recognized autonomous region within Moldova, called Gagauz-Eri (formerly called Gagauzia).

At first they unofficially used a sky-blue flag, with a wolf's head (a common Turkic symbol) on a disk in the centre. On 31 October 1995 the Chalk Topluschu (National Assembly) of Gagauz-Eri officially adopted a flag of blue horizontally above narrower white and red stripes, with three yellow stars on the hoist of the blue.

Log in or register to write something here or to contact authors.