Fifth-monarchy Men, in English history, a set of fanatics who formed a principal support of Cromwell during the Protectorate. They considered his assumption of power as an earnest of the foundation of the fifth monarchy, which should succeed to the Assyrian, the Persian, the Grecian, and the Roman, and in which Jesus Christ should reign with the saints on earth for the space of 1,000 years.

Entry from Everybody's Cyclopedia, 1912.

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