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7:1 And the LORD said unto Moses, See, I have made thee a god to Pharaoh: and Aaron thy brother shall be thy prophet.
7:2 Thou shalt speak all that I command thee: and Aaron thy brother shall speak unto Pharaoh, that he send the children of Israel out of his land.
7:3 And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and multiply my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt.
7:4 But Pharaoh shall not hearken unto you, that I may lay my hand upon Egypt, and bring forth mine armies, and my people the children of Israel, out of the land of Egypt by great judgments.
7:5 And the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD, when I stretch forth mine hand upon Egypt, and bring out the children of Israel from among them.
7:6 And Moses and Aaron did as the LORD commanded them, so did they.
7:7 And Moses was fourscore years old, and Aaron fourscore and three years old, when they spake unto Pharaoh.
7:8 And the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying, 7:9 When Pharaoh shall speak unto you, saying, Shew a miracle for you: then thou shalt say unto Aaron, Take thy rod, and cast it before Pharaoh, and it shall become a serpent.
7:10 And Moses and Aaron went in unto Pharaoh, and they did so as the LORD had commanded: and Aaron cast down his rod before Pharaoh, and before his servants, and it became a serpent.
7:11 Then Pharaoh also called the wise men and the sorcerers: now the magicians of Egypt, they also did in like manner with their enchantments.
7:12 For they cast down every man his rod, and they became serpents: but Aaron's rod swallowed up their rods.
7:13 And he hardened Pharaoh's heart, that he hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had said.
7:14 And the LORD said unto Moses, Pharaoh's heart is hardened, he refuseth to let the people go.
7:15 Get thee unto Pharaoh in the morning; lo, he goeth out unto the water; and thou shalt stand by the river's brink against he come; and the rod which was turned to a serpent shalt thou take in thine hand.
7:16 And thou shalt say unto him, The LORD God of the Hebrews hath sent me unto thee, saying, Let my people go, that they may serve me in the wilderness: and, behold, hitherto thou wouldest not hear.
7:17 Thus saith the LORD, In this thou shalt know that I am the LORD: behold, I will smite with the rod that is in mine hand upon the waters which are in the river, and they shall be turned to blood.
7:18 And the fish that is in the river shall die, and the river shall stink; and the Egyptians shall lothe to drink of the water of the river.
7:19 And the LORD spake unto Moses, Say unto Aaron, Take thy rod, and stretch out thine hand upon the waters of Egypt, upon their streams, upon their rivers, and upon their ponds, and upon all their pools of water, that they may become blood; and that there may be blood throughout all the land of Egypt, both in vessels of wood, and in vessels of stone.
7:20 And Moses and Aaron did so, as the LORD commanded; and he lifted up the rod, and smote the waters that were in the river, in the sight of Pharaoh, and in the sight of his servants; and all the waters that were in the river were turned to blood.
7:21 And the fish that was in the river died; and the river stank, and the Egyptians could not drink of the water of the river; and there was blood throughout all the land of Egypt.
7:22 And the magicians of Egypt did so with their enchantments: and Pharaoh's heart was hardened, neither did he hearken unto them; as the LORD had said.
7:23 And Pharaoh turned and went into his house, neither did he set his heart to this also.
7:24 And all the Egyptians digged round about the river for water to drink; for they could not drink of the water of the river.
7:25 And seven days were fulfilled, after that the LORD had smitten the river.

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King James Bible:Exodus

Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible
back to: Exodus
Book: Exodus
Chapter: 7

Moses and Aaron encouraged. (1-7) The rods turned into
serpents, Pharaoh's Heart is hardened. (8-13) The River is
turned into Blood, The distress of the Egyptians. (14-25)

1-7 God glorifies himself. He makes people know that he is
Jehovah. Israel is made to know it By the performance of his
promises to them, and the Egyptians By the pouring out of his
wrath upon them. Moses, as the Ambassador of Jehovah, speaking
in his name, laid commands upon Pharaoh, denounced threatenings
against him, and called for judgments upon him. Pharaoh, proud
and great as he was, could not resist. Moses stood not in awe of
Pharaoh, but made him tremble. This seems to be meant in the
words, Thou shalt be a God unto Pharaoh. At length Moses is
delivered from his fears. He makes No more objections, but,
being strengthened in Faith, goes about his work with courage,
and proceeds in it with perseverance.

8-13 What men dislike, because it opposes their pride and
lusts, they will not be convinced of; but it is easy to cause
them to believe things they wish to be true. God always sends
with his Word full proofs of its Divine authority; but when men
are bent to disobey, and willing to object, he often permits a
Snare to be laid wherein they are entangled. The Magicians were
cheats, trying to copy the real miracles of Moses By secret
sleights or jugglings, which to a small extent they succeeded in
doing, So as to deceive the bystanders, but they were at length
obliged to confess they could not any longer imitate the effects
of Divine power. None assist more in the Destruction of sinners,
than such as resist the Truth By amusing men with a counterfeit
resemblance of it. Satan is most to be dreaded when transformed
into an Angel of Light.

14-25 Here is the first of the ten plagues, the turning of the
water into Blood. It was a dreadful Plague. The sight of such
vast rolling streams of Blood could not but strike horror.
Nothing is more common than water: So wisely has Providence
ordered it, and So kindly, that what is So needful and
serviceable to the comfort of human Life, should be cheap and
almost every where to be had; but now the Egyptians must either
Drink Blood, or die for thirst. Egypt was a pleasant land, but
the dead Fish and Blood now rendered it very unpleasant. It was
a righteous Plague, and justly sent upon the Egyptians; for
Nile, the River of Egypt, was their Idol. That Creature which we
idolize, God justly takes from us, or makes Bitter to us. They
had stained the River with the Blood of the Hebrews' children,
and now God made that River all Blood. Never any thirsted after
Blood, but sooner or later they had enough of it. It was a
significant Plague; Egypt had great dependence upon their River,

Zec 14:18; So that in smiting the River, they were warned of
the Destruction of all the produce of their country. The Love of
Christ to his disciples changes all their common mercies into
spiritual blessings; the Anger of God towards his enemies,
renders their most valued advantages a Curse and a misery to
them. Aaron is to summon the Plague By smiting the River with
his rod. It was done in the sight of Pharaoh and his attendants,
for God's true miracles were not performed as Satan's lying
wonders; Truth seeks No corners. See the almighty power of God.
Every Creature is that to us which he makes it to be water or
Blood. See what changes we may meet with in the things of this
world; what is always vain, may soon become vexatious. See what
mischievous work Sin makes. If the things that have been our
comforts prove our crosses, we must thank ourselves. It is Sin
that turns our waters into Blood. The Plague continued Seven
days; and in all that time Pharaoh's proud Heart would not let
him desire Moses to pray for the removal of it. Thus the
hypocrites in Heart Heap up wrath. No wonder that God's Anger is
not turned away, but that his Hand is stretched out still.

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