A moderately old model of scientific calculator
made by Casio
Mine is about 15 years old, and still works, mostly (more on that below). It's solar power
ed so it never needs batteries
. It has several different modes, some of which can coexist with one another:
- SD, a statistical mode that calculates standard deviations
- DECimal, BINary, OCTal, and HEXadecimal, modes for doing calculations in other bases or converting between bases.
- DEGree, RADian, and GRAdient, modes where the trigonometric functions work with different angle units.
- FIXed point, SCIentific, and NORMal, modes that affect the number of digits displayed in the display. (I never use these, except of course that Normal is the default behavior.)
Functions available include square
, square root
, cube root
s and nth root
; base-10 and natural logarithm
, and ex
, and tangent
, and their inverse
versions; 18 levels of parentheses
to polar coordinate
conversions; a single memory
with the ability to store, retrieve, swap current value and memory, or add or subtract on the memory; and an extra register
which some of the functions that return two values (like the coordinate functions) stick values in.
Some functions are not available in some modes; for instance, the fraction, degree-minute-second, and trigonometric keys become digits A through F for HEX mode.
My calculator has a large crack in the back of the case behind the lower part of the keypad, but it still works. However, several years ago (long after it cracked) it decided it only wanted to be an 8-digit calculator instead of a 10-digit calculator like the case says. It's not that the first two digits on the display don't display anything; the calculator always displays the correct results, except that numbers of 108 or more force it into scientific notation, and results with many decimal places are rounded to 8 digits in the display. The scientific notation display uses two extra digits to display the exponent up to ±99, and this much still works.