A standard is a document that tries to make things interoperate better. The two types of standards are de facto and de jure. Standards bodies like ISO and The Open Group make standards.

In music, especially, but not exclusively jazz and the blues, a song that has become so popular, or so indicative of a style, that it is covered by many artists over many years.

These songs can be from so-called, popular music, like My Favourite Things, by Rodgers and Hammerstein, or Summertime by Gershwin and Heyward.

They can be composed by jazz greats, like Satin Doll by Duke Ellington.

They can be blues songs, often without any recorded composer, like St. James Infirmary Blues.

It becomes a test of an artist's talent and creativity. Also a test of an artist's ability to program a concert: they are pieces an audience wants to hear, and any program must have a good selection of them to be a success.

Standard: often, in Information Technology and Computer Science: any written specification that is anything but.

See also: proprietary standard

A standard is also the opposite of a rule (or a "fuzzy standard" as contrasted to a "bright line rule"). A standard invites a judge or decisionmaker to use discretion, whereas a rule can be applied mechanically.

Stand"ard (?), n. [OF. estendart, F. 'etendard, probably fr. L. extendere to spread out, extend, but influenced by E. stand. See Extend.]


A flag; colors; a banner; especially, a national or other ensign.

His armies, in the following day, On those fair plains their standards proud display. Fairfax.


That which is established by authority as a rule for the measure of quantity, extent, value, or quality; esp., the original specimen weight or measure sanctioned by government, as the standard pound, gallon, or yard.


That which is established as a rule or model by authority, custom, or general consent; criterion; test.

The court, which used to be the standard of property and correctness of speech. Swift.

A disposition to preserve, and an ability to improve, taken together, would be my standard of a statesman. Burke.

4. Coinage

The proportion of weights of fine metal and alloy established by authority.

By the present standard of the coinage, sixty-two shillings is coined out of one pound weight of silver. Arbuthnot.

5. Hort.

A tree of natural size supported by its own stem, and not dwarfed by grafting on the stock of a smaller species nor trained upon a wall or trellis.

In France part of their gardens is laid out for flowers, others for fruits; some standards, some against walls. Sir W. Temple.

6. Bot.

The upper petal or banner of a papilionaceous corolla.

7. Mech. & Carp.

An upright support, as one of the poles of a scaffold; any upright in framing.

8. Shipbuilding

An inverted knee timber placed upon the deck instead of beneath it, with its vertical branch turned upward from that which lies horizontally.


The sheth of a plow.


A large drinking cup.


Standard bearer, an officer of an army, company, or troop, who bears a standard; -- commonly called color sergeantor color bearer; hence, the leader of any organization; as, the standard bearer of a political party.


© Webster 1913.

Stand"ard, a.


Being, affording, or according with, a standard for comparison and judgment; as, standard time; standard weights and measures; a standard authority as to nautical terms; standard gold or silver.


Hence: Having a recognized and permanent value; as, standard works in history; standard authors.

3. Hort. (a)

Not supported by, or fastened to, a wall; as, standard fruit trees.


Not of the dwarf kind; as, a standard pear tree.

Standard candle, Standard gauge. See under Candle, and Gauge. -- Standard solution. Chem. See Standardized solution, under Solution.


© Webster 1913.

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