Cells belonging to the Monera kingdom reproduce by replicating their DNA and dividing into two separate cells.
The Monera are divided into two divisions: Bacteria and Archaea.
Phylum Schizophyta: Bacteria; about 2,000 species including eubacteria, rickettsias, mycoplasmas, and spirochetes; mostly heterotrophs; some photosynthetic and chemosynthetic autotrophs. Reproduction is usually asexual by binary fission or fragmentation.
Phylum Cyanophyta: Blue-green algae or cyanobacteria; about 200 species of photosynthetic autotrophs with chlorophyll a and accessory pigments;no chloroplasts; mostly filamentous; some unicellular. Reproduction is asexual by binary fission or fragmentation.
Phylum Prochlorophyta: Protosynthetic autotrophs; contain chlorophyll a and b, xanthophylls, and carotenes.
The Five Kingdoms
The kingdom monera only exists in the five-kingdom system. Monerans were put into kingdom plantae in the two-kingdom system, and into protista in the three-kingdom system. Putting monerans into a separate kingdom was very useful because monerans aren't quite protists, and aren't like plants at all.
Members of the kingdom monera have the following characteristics:
The monera kingdom can be split into two kingdoms, eubacteria and archaebacteria, creating a six-kindom system.
Mo*ne"ra (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. single.] Zool.
The lowest division of rhizopods, including those which resemble the amebas, but are destitute of a nucleus.
© Webster 1913.
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