Traditionally, any long arm
that has a barrel of length greater than 18 inches
and fires a non military cartrdige
like the 30-30
), .243, .22-250, or any other nefwangled wildcat
round. This however, does not mean, that there are no real hunting rifles that are chambered
for military adopted cartridges, like the venerable 30-'06
thirty aught six.
Only to be to be used in hunting of dangerous or delicious animals.
The two-legged deer that "shoot back" are better shot with a 12 ga, or if in really close quarters, with a .45 cal pistol.